Emancipatoriy Legal Policy in Refugee Law
Researcher: Maximilian Pichl
In recent years legal battles against the EU border regime were fought increasingly before the European Courts. In particular, human rights organizations participated in strategic litigation to reach judgements of fundamental importance. Some of the legal battles had immediate consequences for the crisis of the EU border regime of 2015, such as the lawsuits prohibiting deportations to Greece under the Dublin-III regulation or the condemnation of push-back operations by Italian border authorities in the Mediterranean sea.
The study examines limits and possibilites of emancipatory legal policies. Working with the Critical Legal Theory of Wolfgang Abendroth, the critic of legal struggles, but also their prerequisities for strategic use will be worked out.
In two case studies the legal battles will be investigated. First, the battles about the push-backs at the European borders will be examined. Secondly, the study deals with the transformation of the German asylum system, which was initiated by the Government during the Summer of 2015 and with support of consultation firms such as McKinsey.
Trade Unions, Labor Markets and Migration
Researcher: Neva Löw
Migration always implies a mobility of labor. Europe’s so-called “Summer of Migration“ has brought the EU migration regime and national asylum regimes to the center of political discussions. We are facing a crisis of the neoliberal migration management paradigm that was dominant up until 2015. Trade unions are required to position themselves within that debate.
The goal of this PhD thesis is to analyze the roles and positions German and French trade unions take up within the crisis of the neoliberal migration regime. I will scrutinize the strategies trade unions follow concerning the labor market, and the internal shifts this brings about in the trade union structures. I will conclude by examining moments of solidarity between trade unions and migrants.